2.1 What is Creativity?
Unlike many phenomena in science, there is no single definition of creativity. Many definitions of creativity can be found in different areas of studies, and it is beyond the scope of this thesis to list them all. From a general point of view, "creativity is defined as the act of making something new. It is a mental process with divergent thought involving the generation of new ideas or concepts, or new associations between existing ideas or concepts"(1). It consists of seeing what everyone else has seen, thinking what no one else has thought, and doing what no one else has dared. Perhaps the most widespread conception of creativity is that the production of a creative work that is both novel and useful.
Furthermore, psychologists associate knowledge with creativity. Dr. Michael J. Hurd indicates: "You can't separate creativity from knowledge. The two are intertwined. Generally speaking, greater amounts of knowledge lead to a greater creative capacity. The more a creative person has experienced and the more they understand about different kinds of human native, the better and more resources they can have for creation. Knowledge breeds creativity. Without knowledge in the first place, there would be nothing to create!"(2)
Building knowledge helps fostering creativity. In next chapter it presents why dream is considered as a source of creativity and why it plays a role in creative process.